Cultural Pathways to Economic Self-Sufficiency and Entrepreneurship (CUPESSE)

Name: Cultural Pathways to Economic Self-Sufficiency and Entrepreneurship.
Responsible: SEJ-535
Funding: European Commission
Beginning and End Dates: 2014 - 2018
Population: Unemployed people between 18-35 years old.
Location: Europe

Summary: The interdisciplinary CUPESSE project carries out an analysis of the role of family values on the levels of self-sufficiency and youth entrepreneurship in eleven EU member states. The results reveal the conditional relationship between the two factors.

Institutions: European Union, University of Heidelberg, University of Mannheim - Mannheim Center for European Social Research, University of Vienna, Prague University of Economics - VSE, Aarhus University, Central European University, University of Catania - UNICT, University of Granada, Pompeu Fabra University, University of Bern, Istanbul University of Koç, the University of New Castle Upon Tyne, European Research and Project Office GMBH and diaNEOsis.


Fernández, F. D., Arco, J. L., & Hervás, M. (2020). Grit as a predictor and outcome of educational, professional, and personal success: A systematic review. Psicología Educativa, 26(2), 163–173.

Arco, J. L., Bojica, A., Fernández, F. D., & Hoyle, R. H. (2019). Grit as Predictor of Entrepreneurship and Self-Employment in Spain. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(389).

Arco, J. L., Fernández, F. D., & Hoyle, H. R. (2018). Development and Validation of a Spanish Version of the Grit-S Scale. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(96).

- Fernández, F. D., Arco, J. L., & Soriano, M. (2018). Perseverancia y pasión por la consecución de objetivos a largo plazo: adaptación transcultural y validación de la escala Grit-S. Revista de Psicología Social, 33(3), 620–649.

- Tosun, J., Arco, J. L., Caserta, M., Cemalcilar, Z., Freitag, M., Hörish, F., Jensen, C., Kittel, B., Littvay, L., Lukes, M., Maloney, W., Mühlböck, M., Rainsford, E., Rapp, C., Schuck, B., Shore, J., Steiber, N., Sümer, N., Tsakoglou, P., Vancea, M., & Vegetti, F. (2018). Perceived economic self-sufficiency: A country--and generation-comparative approach. European Political Science, 1–22. DOI: